Dartmouth Events

Physics & Astronomy Colloquium - Professor Jonathan Friedman, Amherst College

Title: "When a clock (transition) is good for more than telling time"

Friday, February 10, 2023
3:30pm – 4:30pm
Wilder 104 and Zoom
Intended Audience(s): Public
Categories: Arts and Sciences, Lectures & Seminars

Abstract: The burgeoning field of quantum information requires the precise control of the quantum state of a qubit.  Quantum states are generally described by complex amplitudes in which a well-defined phase is paramount:  When information about the state’s phase is lost to the qubit’s environment – a process known as decoherence – the utility of the state for quantum information applications is also lost.  Thus, protecting a qubit from the effects of its environment is important in nearly all aspects of quantum information science.  One method of achieving decoupling of a system from its environment is through the use of so-called clock transitions, a name arising from their original use in precision atomic clocks. A clock transition occurs at an avoided level crossing where the transition frequency is independent (to first order) of an external perturbation, such as a fluctuating magnetic field. In spin-qubit systems, a bath of environmental spins can lead to decoherence and a suppression of T2, the characteristic phase decoherence time.  In molecular nanomagnets, which are chemically synthesized spin systems, clock transitions can be engineered by exploiting the symmetry of the molecule.  I will discuss how T2 can be markedly enhanced by clock transitions in some molecular nanomagnets, suggesting these systems can be viable spin qubits.  The study of such systems can also elucidate the mechanisms of decoherence since spin-spin interactions are suppressed at a clock transition, allowing us to isolate the decohering effects of such interactions from those due to other mechanisms.

***Join before the Colloquium at 3:00 pm for discussion with speaker, Professor Jonathan Friedman  in Wilder 103, for coffee and cookies!***Hosted by James Logan

Please click the link below to join the webinar:
Passcode: Physics
For more information, contact:
Tressena Manning

Events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.