Dartmouth Events

Physics & Astronomy Colloquium - Nicole Yunger Halpern, NIST, QuICS, UMD

Title: "Quantum Steampunk: Quantum Information Meets Thermodynamics"

Friday, November 12, 2021
3:15pm – 4:15pm
In-person: Wilder 104 / Via Zoom (email for link & password)
Intended Audience(s): Public
Categories: Lectures & Seminars

Abstract: Thermodynamics has shed light on engines, efficiency, and time’s arrow since the Industrial Revolution. But the steam engines that powered the Industrial Revolution were large and classical. Much of today’s technology and experiments are small-scale, quantum, far from equilibrium, and processing information. Nineteenth-century thermodynamics requires updating for the 21st century. Guidance has come from the mathematical toolkit of quantum information theory. Applying quantum information theory to thermodynamics sheds light on fundamental questions (e.g., how does entanglement spread during quantum thermalization? How can we distinguish quantum heat from quantum work?) and practicalities (e.g., nanoscale engines and the thermodynamic value of quantum coherences). I will overview how quantum information theory is being used to modernize thermodynamics for quantum-information-processing technologies. I call this combination quantum steampunk, after the steampunk genre of literature, art, and cinema that juxtaposes futuristic technologies with 19th-century settings.

For more information, contact:
Tressena Manning

Events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.